Overview of nitrogen removal, microorganisms, their metabolism, nutrient requirements, substrate requirements, environmental conditions for growth and control, and other interactions that are important in nutrient removal processes, key factors, governing treatment kinetics and their applications to the analysis of the biological processes, stripping of ammonia, selective ion exchange, breakpoint chlorination, nitrification, nitrification design, denitrification, denitrification design, modeling biological nitrogen removal, biological and chemical phosphate removal processes, modeling biological phosphate removal, water reuse

This module involves a literature survey of recent and ground-breaking research findings in the field of aquatic hydrology and water resources management. The review could involve library and internet searches and compilation of findings and research procedures for investigating theories and hypothesis. Topics will be selected which will enhance ongoing research in Hydrology and Water Resources.